October 24, 2014 

Maranao


Articles

       The "People of the Lake" (Maranaw, Ranao, Lanon, Hiloona) are one of the larger groups in the country professing Islam. They are settled about Lake Lanao — the largest deep lake in the country. The land is some 2,200 feet above sea level in the Bukidnon-Lanao plateau.

       The national population is about 863,659 (NM 1994) of which some 553,054 are situated in Lanao del Sur. The core areas are Marawi City (86,038), Lumba-a-bayabao (18,603), and Bayang (18,639) (NSO 1990). In Lanao del Norte they constitute the minority population. The genealogies of the families still trace their Islamic origins to Sharif Kabunsuan who introduced Islam among the Magindanao.

       The people are basically inland agriculturalist, with some dry rice cultivations in the hilly areas and intensive wet rice in the flood plains. Communities usually cluster about a mosque and a torogan, a royal house belonging to the leading household in the area, which also serves a political function.

       The Maranao are widely distributed all over the country and economically are associated with market trade. Wet rice cultivation is the basic mode of food production, with some corn, sweet potato, coffee, cassava, and peanuts. Dry rice is also cultivated. Fishing in the lake is also important although this has declined.

       The Maranao, however, are best known for the sophistication of their weaving and wood and metal craft. They have produced probably the most spectacular of Philippine vernacular architecture with their impressive torogan. The design motifs which form the basis for their okil is one of the most systematized in the country. Among the more noted of the design motifs of their okil is the sarimanok and naga, which are abstract animate forms of a cock and the dragon or snake, respectively. The awang, the dugout boat they use in Lake Lanao, is probably the most unique of dugouts in the country, if not the most ornate.

       Maranao textiles are also famous for their very ornate designs and colors which reflect the status of the wearer. The tube skirt, malong, is a very versatile article of clothing which serves many purposes.

 

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)

Total National Population

785,728
+ 77,931
863,659

Agusan del N.

2619 (NM 1992:60)

Agusan del S.

485

Aklan

58

Albay

54

Antique

112

Aurora

9

Basilan

522

Bataan

19

Batanes

5

Batangas

576

Benguet

406

Bohol

178

Bukidnon

2658 (NM 1991:3235)

Bulacan

663

Bulacan

269

Camarines N.

78

Camarines S.

61

Capiz

10

Catanduanes

18

Cavite

992

Cebu

1,707

Davao

4118 (NM 1991:7700)

Davao del S.

5108 (NM 1991:13880)

Davao Or.

1833 (NM 1991:3012)

E. Samar

25

Ifugao

42

Ilocos N.

290

Ilocso S.

125

Iloilo

284

Isabela

1,090

Kalinga-Apayao

93

La Union

102

Laguna

409

Lanao del N.

134156 (NM 1991:172342)

Lanao del S.

553,054

Leyte

251

Maguindanao

13855 (NM 1993:15605)

Marinduque

85

Masbate

60

Misamis Occ.

279

Misamis Or.

3289 (NM 1993:6700)

Negros Occ.

444

Negros Or.

126

N. Cotabato

6127(NM 1991:3555)(1991:10570)

N. Samar

200

Nueva Ecija

91

Nueva Vizcaya

71

Occ. Mindoro

58

Or. Mindoro

125

Palawan

3,567

Pampanga

1,050

Pangasinan

360

Quezon

177

Rizal

619

Romblon

35

W. Samar

23

Sorsogon

20

S. Cotabato

4,959

S. Leyte

66

S. Kudarat

837 (NM 1993:4500)

Sulu

347

Surigao del N.

348 (NM 1989:500)

Surigao del S.

1076 (NM 1990:7165)

Tarlac

718

Tawi-Tawi

251

Zambales

726

Zamboanga N.

2210 (NM 1994:1008)

Zambonaga S.

7726 (NM 1992:2150)

Kalookan

853

Las Pinas

267

Mandaluyong

167

Manila

6,361

Marikina

252

Malabon

183

Makati

535

Muntinlupa

310

Navotas

101

Paranaque

600

Pasay

522

Pateros

11

Quezon City

1,892

San Juan

143

Taguig

456

Valenzuela

101

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